Information about the various chemicals that is included my fuel additives


  

Here are all my chemicals lined up that is belonging to any of my fuel additives. I have sought to use relatively easily accessible products. Some special compounds such as X66, G+ and MCO20, ωFe, i¤b and ferrocene have its own page where you can get detailed information on how they are manufactured.

 

 

lighter fluid Lighter fluid  
Of the type hydro treated naphtha.

Is hitherto the most long-acting component for E85. Pure lighter fluid without diesel can work a while but sooner or later required that one also dispenses the diesel.

Do not replace white spirit in D66 with lighter fluid!

This type of bottle for this chemical is very suitable for the storage of petroleum products. The stopper seals axially in contrast to the bottle of white spirit, which means that cracking is avoided around the cork.

Properties
Power-enhancing, opening time-reducing, cleaning, lubricating, solvent, fuel
Works in additives with adapted glycol
Soluble in ethanol up to 25 volume per cent - 9 % in methanol
Where to buy
Auto part stores, gas stations, paint shops
Applications
T66, AT2

 

 

white spirit White spirit  
Used as a sub component in D66 and Di66.
Properties
Cleaning, lubricating, solvent, fuel
Solvent in ethanol up to 40 volume per cent
Where to buy
Auto part stores, gas stations, paint shops
Applications
D66, Di66, A40, AXg, ISO

 

 

diesel Diesel  
Used as the main component in D66.
Properties
Power-enhancing, opening time-reducing, cleaning, lubricating, solvent, fuel
Solvent in ethanol up to 20 volume per cent
Where to buy
Gas stations
Applications
X66, Di66, AT2, A40, AXg, ISO

 

 

methanol Methanol  
Used as the main component in MCO20. It is a solvent for copperas and oxalic acid.
Properties
Poisonous, strong solvent, octane enhancing, water absorbent, fuel
Where to buy
Hobby stores, speedway clubs
Applications
MCO20, Di66

 

 

ethanol Methylated spirits  
Can be used as carriers of various substances. Then absolute ethanol is to expensive so must one settle with the trade methylated spirit which also includes some water. The swedish is reddish.
Properties
Octane enhancing fuel, cleaning, solvent
Where to buy
Everywhere
Applications
dEC+

 

 

alcohol 100% alcohol (alcohol fuel)  
Used as a filler fluid in Di66 because the additive before dosing must emulsify while shaking. Must be an anhydrous alcohol product (for fuel purposes) as for example; stove-fuels, methanol etc. IPA (gas-dryer) or E85 is not allowed. Methylated spirit or concentrated washer fluid can not be used as they contain water.
Properties
Octane enhancing fuel, alcohol base, solvent
Where to buy
Everywhere
Applications
Di66

 

 

ipa IPA (isopropyl alcohol)  
Isopropanol, 2-propanol. Power-enhancing and opening time-reducing component. Mostly used for cleaning of electronics but is also used as a fuel additive like gas-dryers. Reminding of acetone. A very effective alcohol based solvent.
Properties
Power-enhancing, opening time-reducing, bactericidal (miscible in diesel), strong solvent, fuel
Where to buy
Auto part stores, IPA is a component in some gas-dryer products, electronics companies
Applications
ISO, AXg

 

 

acetone Acetone  
Power-enhancing and opening time-reducing component. Acetone is a strong solvent and is itself soluble in both polar and nonpolar liquids.
Properties
Power-enhancing, opening time-reducing, consumption declining, strong solvent, fuel
Where to buy
Auto part stores, paint shops
Applications
AT2, hoGA, AG+, G14a, UGA, A40, AXg

 

 

red coolant Red glycol - antifreeze good alternatives
Coolant (ethylene glycol) without salt inhibitors. Usually more expensive and of finer quality than the blue ethylene glycol.

2017 was the year I discovered that my glycol additives worked again - with the help of water - read more about ”water” below. The market for antifreeze glycols has changed lately and Biltema's glycols can no longer be recommended because they no longer contain the substances that improve the combustion of ethanol fuel.

The substance I referred to is: ”sodium 2-ethylhexanoate” (S-EHN) and dominated the market's red long life glycols, in the past. Nowadays most of it contain: ”potassium 2-ethylhexanoate” that does not give the same positive effects. Strangely enough, there is an affordable blue coolant which contains S-EHN - called Lahega BS-6580. This glycol does not even reach VW class, i.e. lower than G11. Nevertheless, is it based on OAT technology and not IAT that usually distinguish blue glycols?

The antifreeze glycols that may be eligible here should comply with G12 (TL-774D) or G12+ (TL-774F). Do not choose G12++ or G13 because they are silicate based! The difference is that the G12 also contains fluorescent color which not G12+ do. According to BASF labeling, both G12 and G12+ are a G30. G12+ is yellow, purple or uncolored.

Castrol Radicool SF is the only G12 I know for sure but Arom-decor has a number of nice G12+ as contain S-EHN (not P-EHN). The product AdProline has a red and a yellow and both are 774F glycols, i.e. G12+ XLC. See picture to the right.

Propylene glycol is not an alternative for my glycol additives.

Properties
Poisonous, power-enhancing, opening time-reducing, ignition improver
Where to buy
Castrol, Arom-dekor, Lahega, auto part stores, gas stations
Applications
G+, AG+, AG++, G14a, UGA, AXg

 

 

blue coolant Blue glycol - antifreeze  
Coolant (ethylene glycol) with salt inhibitors.

2017 was the year I discovered that my glycol additives worked again - with the help of water - read more about ”water” below. The market for antifreeze glycols has changed lately and Biltema's glycols can no longer be recommended because they no longer contain the substances that improve the combustion of ethanol fuel.

Exactly what is required of a blue glycol at the moment can I not give a good answer at, but if you assume that same types of salts are used today that were also used when DiG was created, then there are a lot of brands to choose from. The only point to use blue glycol is when one needs to utilize DiG, which is a rather extreme fuel additive.

Most blue glycols contain: ”sodium tetraborate, pentahydrate” - same as damp borax. Blue glycols are more alkaline than red. For example Number 1 which is spiced with potassium hydroxide (potassium lye), a very powerful base! The picture show a blue by AdProLine (TL-774C).

Propylene glycol is not an alternative for my glycol additives.

Properties
Poisonous, power-enhancing, opening time-reducing, ignition improver
Where to buy
Castrol, Arom-dekor, auto part stores, gas stations
Applications
DiG, G14a, UGA, AXg

 

 

water Water  
For all additives based on glycol must water exist in the fuel - at least 0.5%. This knowledge was hidden until autumn 2017 when a number of tests were conducted. However, the science behind using water is still unknown. E85 in the past contained some water and therefore it went well to develop my glycol additives then. Today's E85 is very dry and it has thus higher energy content (a contradiction when glycol gets in to the picture). The absence of water in E85 allows diesel oil to dissolve in any proportions.

When adding the additives AG+, G14a or UGA in dry E85 shall thus also water be dispensed.

Water, which according to the regulations has nothing to do with combustion more than counteract temperature rise is not the first one to suggest? For example, if it is about catalytic cleavage of water molecules or ”cold fusion” am I not able to give a statement about, but it is extremely positive that we finally realized what has destroyed our E85 - lack of water is the answer.

Instead adding water one can also choose pre-mixed coolant. This usually consists of 50% glycol and 50% non-ionic water. The cheapest is to buy both components separately, which can be establishing if one ponder a while... In ”intricate questions about conversion” (question 7) one can read about how I got to know the problem regarding today's water-free E85.

The optimal percentage is currently not determined, but according to ongoing measurements:
1-2% water summertime and 0.5% water wintertime (for undiluted E85 in Sweden 2018-01).

Properties
Promotes the positive effects and makes my glycol additives long-acting
Where to buy
Everywhere
Applications
AG+, G14a, UGA, DiG, AXg

 

 

hexamine Hexamethylenetetramine (hexamine, hmta)  
Known as Esbit or fuel tablets which consists of hexamethylenetetramine plus binders. Used as fuel for steam engines and is made from formaldehyde and ammonia. Should a degree of restriction, because it is part of the manufacture of RDX.
Properties
Power-enhancing, opening time-reducing, fuel
Where to buy
Hobby and toy stores, camping stores
Applications
G+, dEC+

 

 

olive oil Olive oil (oleic acid)  
For the production of olive oil soap and then ωFe. Olive oil containing large amounts of oleic acid (omega-9) as one with the caustic make soap with. When soap reacts with copperas formed iron oleate - a tar-like substance that I call ωFe.
Properties
Oleates lubricates the cylinder walls and can with HMTA lower the fuel consumption
Where to buy
Food material
Applications
ωFe

 

 

sodium benzoate Sodium benzoate  
For the production of iron benzoate or that I call i¤b. Sodium benzoate is a salt of benzoic acid which is closely related with benzene - a cyclic hydrocarbon. It is used as a preservative.
Properties
Oxide layer formation iron trioxide which can lead to reduced fuel consumption
Where to buy
Food material
Applications
i¤b

 

 

ferrocene Ferrocene  
Or bis (cyclopentadienyl) iron. Is an iron salt of cyclopentadiene acid. Based on two pentadiene rings as reminiscent of the benzene ring, but with one carbon atom less. Has anti-knock properties and can therefore replace tetraethyl lead - thus possessing ferrocene also lubricating properties. Probably a constituent in MPG-Caps, or so-called fuel pills.
Properties
Oxide layer formation iron trioxide which can lead to reduced fuel consumption
Where to buy
eBay
Applications
dEC+, A40, X66, hoGA, AT2, ISO

 

 

caustic soda Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda)  
Necessary chemicals to make olive oil soap. Along with water and sodium hydroxide forms so-called lye. For the manufacture of soaps obtains 30% lye, which is 30 grams hydroxide to 70 ml of water. The volume of water after incorporation increases insignificantly.
Properties
Highly corrosive alkaline (basic) salts commonly found in drain cleaners
Where to buy
Paint shops, household chemicals
Applications
ωFe, i¤b

 

 

copperas Copperas - iron (II) sulfate  
Probably works as a catalyst in the combustion processes when it may operate in conjunction with the blue ethylene glycol. This chemical is relatively cheap and easy to get in. The basic ingredient for manufacturing of iron oleate and iron benzoate.
Properties
Power-enhancing, opening time-reducing, oxide layer formation
Where to buy
Paint shops
Applications
MCO20, Di66, ωFe, i¤b

 

 

oxalic acid Oxalic acid  
Oxalic acid is a flocculation inhibitor for MCO20, but will also remove inorganic pollutants in the fuel system such as various metal salts (like calcium carbonate or calcium sulfate).
Properties
Flocculation inhibitor, stabilizer, cleaning, coating-solving, fuel
Where to buy
Paint shops
Applications
MCO20, Di66

 

 

 

 

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